The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study
- Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Causes of Death in Adults, Vincent J Felitti MD, FACP, Robert F Anda MD, MS, Dale Nordenberg MD, David F Williamson MS, PhD, Alison M Spitz MS, MPH, Valerie Edwards BA ,Mary P Koss PhD, James S Marks MD, MPH,; American Journal of Preventive Medicine in 1998, (Volume 14, pages 245–258).
The CDC-Kaiser Permanente Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest investigations of childhood abuse and neglect and later-life health and well-being. The original ACE Study was conducted at Kaiser Permanente from 1995 to 1997 with two waves of data collection. Over 17,000 Health Maintenance Organization members from Southern California receiving physical exams completed confidential surveys regarding their childhood experiences and current health status and behaviors. The CDC continues ongoing surveillance of ACEs by assessing the medical status of the study participants via periodic updates of morbidity and mortality data.
The Ansar Group Inc.
- A medical technology developer
ANSAR is the innovator of noninvasive real-time digital autonomic nervous system monitoring.
Bakai, D, (Donald Bakal, PhD)
- Minding the Body: Clinical Uses of Somatic Awareness, The Guilford Press; 1st edition, January 5, 2001
Professor Emeritus at the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Dr Bakai’s current research interests are focused on somatization, chronic anxiety and chronic pain disorders. Present research in this area deals with therapeutic process variables which influence self-control of chronic pain disorders. Other interests include psychophysiology of stress related disorders and computer-assisted rehabilitation.
Cannon, W B, (Walter Bradford Cannon, MD)
- Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear, and Rage: An Account of Recent Researches Into the Function of Emotional Excitement, FQ Legacy Books, December 31, 2010
- The Wisdom Of The Body, W. W. Norton & Company; Rev. and Enl. Ed edition, April 17, 1963
Walter Bradford Cannon, MD (October 19, 1871 – October 1, 1945) was an American physiologist, professor and chairman of the Department of Physiology at Harvard Medical School. In 1915, he coined the term fight or flight to describe an animal's response to threats in Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage: An Account of Recent Researches into the Function of Emotional Excitement., and he expanded on the French physiologist, Claude Bernard's concept of homeostasis. He popularized his theories in his book The Wisdom of the Body, first published in 1932.
The fight-or-flight response (also called the fight, flight, freeze, or fawn response [in PTSD], hyperarousal, or the acute stress response) is a physiological reaction that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event, attack, or threat to survival. It was first described by Walter Bradford Cannon. His theory states that animals react to threats with a general discharge of the sympathetic nervous system, priming the animal for fighting or fleeing. More specifically, the adrenal medulla produces a hormonal cascade that results in the secretion of catecholamines, especially norepinephrine and epinephrine.
Damasio, A, (Antonio Damasio)
- The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness, Mariner Books; October 10, 2000
Dr Antonio Damasio is a renowned neuroscientist who directs the USC Brain and Creativity Institute and an Adjunct Professor at the Salk Institute. Before that he was the Head of Neurology at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. His research focuses on the neurobiology of mind and behavior, with an emphasis on emotion, decision-making, memory, communication, and creativity. Dr Damasio formulated the somatic marker hypothesis, a theory about how emotions and their biological underpinnings are involved in decision-making (both positively and negatively, and often non-consciously). His research has helped describe the neurological origins of emotions and has shown how emotions affect cognition and decision-making.
Fehmi, L (Les Fehmi, PhD) & Robbins, J (Jim Robbins)
- Dissolving Pain: Simple Brain-Training Exercises for Overcoming Chronic Pain, Shambhala Publications, Inc, September 14, 2010
- The Open-Focus Brain: Harnessing the Power of Attention to Heal Mind and Body, Trumpeter; 1 Pap/Com edition, December 16, 2008
Dr Fehmi is the Director of the Princeton Biofeedback Centre, LLC, located in Princeton, New Jersey. He received his PhD in Physiological Psychology at UCLA in 1966 and he served as post-doctoral fellow at the Brain Research Institute at UCAL. He was an Assistant Professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook for six years, where he conducted research in the area of attention and EEG biofeedback training. Since 1973, Dr Fehmi has been in private practice in Princeton, New Jersey, putting into practical application the knowledge derived from his years of research in the field of biofeedback. He originated the OPEN FOCUS™ Attention Training techniques in 1973.
Figley, C R, (Charles R Figley, PhD)
- Compassion Fatigue: Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorders in Those Who Treat the Traumatized, Taylor & Francis, Inc, May 28, 1995
Charles Figley is a university professor in the fields of psychology, family therapist, psychoneuroimmunologist, family studies, social work, traumatology, and mental health. Dr Figley is the Tulane University, Paul Henry Kurzweg, MD Distinguished Chair in Disaster Mental Health and Associate Dean for Research, School of Social Work Professor, and Director of the award-winning Traumatology Institute. He is a former professor at both Purdue University (1974-1989) and Florida State University (1989-2008) and former Fulbright Fellow and Visiting Distinguished Professor at the Kuwait University (2003-2004). He is founding editor of the Journal of Traumatic Stress, the Journal of Family Psychotherapy, and the international journal, Traumatology.
Gendlin, G T, (Eugene T. Gendlin, PhD)
- Focusing, Bantam New Age Books, 1978
Eugene T. Gendlin received his PhD in philosophy from the University of Chicago and taught there from 1963 to 1995. His philosophical work is concerned especially with the relationship between logic and experiential explication. Implicit intricacy cannot be represented, but functions in certain ways in relation to philosophical discourse. The applications of this "Philosophy of the Implicit" have been important in many fields.
Dr Gendlin’s online library provides quick and easy access so anyone can learn about the Philosophy of the Implicit, Thinking at the Edge, Focusing, and Focusing-Oriented Psychotherapy, as well as applications of the philosophy in other areas.
Gershon, M D, (Michael D Gershon, MD)
- The Second Brain : The Scientific Basis of Gut Instinct and a Groundbreaking New Understanding of Nervous Disorders of the Stomach and Intestines, Harper; 1st edition, October 7, 1998
Dr Michael D. Gershon received his BA degree in 1958 with distinction from Cornell University and his MD in 1963, again from Cornell. Dr Gershon received postdoctoral training with Edith Bülbring in Pharmacology at Oxford University before returning to Cornell as an Assistant Professor of Anatomy in 1967. He is chairman of the department of anatomy and cell biology at Columbia University. Dr Gershon has been called “the father of neurogastroenterology”, in part because of his book “The Second Brain”, which introduced the ENS to the general public. His groundbreaking work clearly demonstrates that the human gut actually has a brain of its own. This remarkable scientific breakthrough offers fascinating proof that "gut instinct" is biological, a function of the second brain.
LeDoux, J E (Joseph E. LeDoux, PhD)
- The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life, Simon & Schuster, March 27, 1996
Joseph E. LeDoux is a neuroscientist, the Henry and Lucy Moses Professor of Science, and professor of neuroscience and psychology at New York University. He is also the director of the Center for the Neuroscience of Fear and Anxiety, a multi-university Center in New York City devoted to using animal research to understand pathological fear and anxiety in humans.
Levine, P, (Peter A. Levine, PhD),
- Waking the Tiger: Healing Trauma, North Atlantic Books, July 7, 1997
- In An Unspoken Voice, How the Body Releases Trauma and Restores Goodness, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA, 2010
Peter A Levine, PhD, originator of Somatic Experiencing® Trauma Therapy received his PhD in medical biophysics from the University of California in Berkeley and also holds a doctorate in psychology from International University. He has worked in the field of stress and trauma for over 40 years.
Ogden, P, (Pat Ogden, PhD)
- Trauma and the Body: A Sensorimotor Approach to Psychotherapy, W. W. Norton & Company, October 13, 2006
Pat Ogden, PhD, is a pioneer in somatic psychology having trained in a wide variety of somatic and psychotherapeutic approaches. She has 34 years experience working with individuals and groups in diverse populations. Dr Ogden is both founder and director of the Sensorimotor Psychotherapy Institute. She is a clinician, consultant, international lecturer and trainer, co-founder of the Hakomi Institute, and on faculty at Naropa University.
Sarno, J E, (John E Sarno, MD)
- The Divided Mind: The Epidemic of Mindbody Disorders, Harper Perennial; 1st edition, March 27, 2007
- Mindbody Prescription: Healing the Body, Healing the Pain, Warner Books, Inc.; Reprint edition, October 1, 1999
- Healing Back Pain: The Mind-Body Connection, Grand Central Publishing; 1st edition, March 15, 2001
John E. Sarno, MD, is Professor of Clinical Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, and attending physician at the Howard A. Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University Medical Center.
Scaer, R., (Robert C. Scaer, MD)
- The Body Bears the Burden: Trauma, Dissociation, and Disease, Haworth Medical Press, April 15, 2001
Robert Scaer, MD received his B.A. in Psychology, and his MD degree at the University of Rochester. He is Board Certified in Neurology, and has been in practice for 33 years, twenty of those as Medical Director of Rehabilitation Services at the Mapleton Center in Boulder, CO. His primary areas of interest and expertise have been in the fields of brain injury and chronic pain, and more recently in the study of traumatic stress and its role in physical symptoms and diseases.
Schore, A N, (Allen N. Schore, PhD)
- Affect Dysregulation and Disorders of the Self, W.W. Norton & Co., Inc. NY, NY, 2003
- Affect Regulation and the Origin of Self: The Neurobiology of Emotional Development, Taylor & Francis, Inc, April 1, 1995
Allan N. Schore, PhD, is on the clinical faculty of the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, and at the UCLA Center for Culture, Brain, and Development. He is the recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 56: Trauma Psychology "Award for Outstanding Contributions to Practice in Trauma Psychology" and APA's Division 39: Psychoanalysis "Scientific Award in Recognition of Outstanding Contributions to Research, Theory and Practice of Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis. He is also an honorary member of the American Psychoanalytic Association. His Regulation Theory, grounded in developmental neuroscience and developmental psychoanalysis, focuses on the origin, psychopathogenesis, and psychotherapeutic treatment of the early forming subjective implicit self.
Siegel, D J, (Daniel J. Siegel, MD)
- Mindsight: The New Science of Personal Transformation, Bantam; Reprint edition, December 28, 2010
- The Mindful Brain: Reflection and Attunement in the Cultivation of Well-Being, W. W. Norton & Company; 1st edition, April 1, 2007
- Healing Trauma: Attachment, Mind, Body and Brain (Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology), W. W. Norton & Company; 1st edition, March 17, 2003
- The Developing Mind, Second Edition: How Relationships and the Brain Interact to Shape Who We Are, The Guilford Press; 2nd edition, February 4, 2015
Daniel J. Siegel received his medical degree from Harvard University and completed his postgraduate medical education at UCLA with training in pediatrics and child, adolescent and adult psychiatry. He served as a National Institute of Mental Health Research Fellow at UCLA.
Dr Siegel is a clinical professor of psychiatry at the UCLA School of Medicine and the founding co-director of the Mindful Awareness Research Center at UCLA. He is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and recipient of several honorary fellowships. Dr Siegel is also the Executive Director of the Mindsight Institute. He serves as the Medical Director of the LifeSpan Learning Institute and on the Advisory Board of the Blue School in New York City, which has built its curriculum around Dr Siegel’s Mindsight approach.
Springer, J M (Joseph M Springer, PhD)
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Part of the “Third Wave” in the Behavioral Tradition, Journal of Mental Health Counseling, Volume 34, Number 3, July 2012, p.206.
Dr Springer is a Professor in the Department of Psychology & Counseling at Georgian Court University and uses a collaborative approach to treatment utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and when appropriate, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). He is a graduate of the Behavioral Therapy Training Institute sponsored by the International Obsessive Compulsive Foundation, and the EMDR Institute.
Taylor, J B, (Jill Bolte Taylor, PhD)
- My Stroke of Insight: A Brain Scientist's Personal Journey, Plume, May 26, 2009
Jill Bolte Taylor, PhD, is a neuron-anatomist affiliated with the Indiana University School of Medicine. She is the national spokesperson at the Harvard Brain Tissue Resource Center (Brain Bank), and one of Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People in the World, 2008.
Touch Research Institute, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine
- The Touch Research Institute is dedicated to studying the effects of touch therapy.
The Touch Research Institute was formally established in 1992 by Director Tiffany Field, PhD at the University of Miami School of Medicine via a start-up grant from Johnson & Johnson. The TRI was the first center in the world devoted solely to the study of touch and its application in science and medicine. The TRI distinguished team of researchers, representing Duke, Harvard, Maryland, and other universities, strive to better define touch as it promotes health and contributes to the treatment of disease. Research efforts that began in 1982 and continue today have shown that touch therapy has numerous beneficial effects on health and well-being.
van der Kolk, B A, (Bessel A. van der Kolk, MD)
- Beyond the Talking Cure: Somatic Experience and Subcortical Imprints in the Treatment of Trauma. In F. Shapiro (Francine Shapiro, PhD) (Ed.), EMDR as an Integrative Psychotherapy Approach: Experts of Diverse Orientations Explore the Paradigm Prism. (pp. 57-83). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books, July 15, 2002
- Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society, The Guilford Press; 1st edition, November 1, 2006
- The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma, Viking; 1st edition, September 25, 2014
Dr van der Kolk has served as president of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, medical director of the Trauma Center at JRI in Brookline, Massachusetts, and professor of psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine. Founder and Medical Director of the Trauma Center. Dr van der Kolk is an internationally recognized leader in the field of psychological trauma.
Wilson, E O, (Edward O Wilson)
- Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, Vintage; 1st edition, November 26, 2014
- Sociobiology, Harvard University Press; New edition (March 24, 2000) Original publication 1975
Edward O. Wilson, has been named one of the century’s leading environmentalists by both Time and Audubon Magazine. A Professor Emeritus at Harvard, E.O. Wilson is an American biologist recognized as the world’s leading authority on ants. He was also the foremost proponent of sociobiology, the study of the genetic basis of the social behavior of all animals, including humans.
Zur Institute, (Ofer Zur, PhD, Director)
- Innovative Resources and Online Continuing Education, Sebastopol, California
Ofer Zur, PhD, is a licensed psychologist, Fellow of the American Psychological Association, lecturer, ethics consultant, and forensic expert. He is the director of the Zur Institute, which offers over 170 online continuing education courses for mental health practitioners. He also has been practicing psychotherapy in California for over 25 years. Dr Zur is one of the top experts in the field of psychological ethics, applying a non-dogmatic approach to multiple relationships and therapeutic boundaries. He is the author of numerous articles and four books.